Confident attributions of educational system in India
India has always considered to be a flourishing yet developing countries worldwide. According to which educational system has been the backbone of all the success made by the Indian population. Due to increased awareness of literacy, people have now considered education as a reason for development. We at skrai.in have an elaborate perspective of how current educational system in India is nourishing each year.
Education during Pre-Independence period
There were certain important eras that contributed a lot in educational aspects.
- Vedic era
- Buddhist era
- Muslim era
- British era
- Post independence era
All of these had their own significance and teachings which were practised before arrival of Britishers.
Several difficulties were being faced by the Indians for improvising the educational system. There were various presumptions made by the Britishers who showed massive interest in India forsake of their benefits. For which they started creating barriers for Indians,as they thought higher education would probably make people ask for their independence. Various theories and acts were enacted during this era, but education in India were only available for the higher communities until 1813.
The English Education Act 1835 by enacted by Lord William Bentinck, who directed East India Company to invest funds in education and literature. After which modern schooling system was brought to India by Lord Thomas Babington Macaulay in the year 1830. He considered mathematics and science as prioritized subjects yet named philosophy as an unnecessary subject.
After which various reforms were brought into action by several authorities and slowly yet steadily Indians were allowed to practise education after the Independence.
Developments made post independence period
Advancement of education in India was considered to be an important aspect. Various efforts,plans and funds are put forth by the Government. They then decided to provide free and compulsory education to children upto 14 years of age.
National Policy on Education was then recommended by Kothari Commission in 1968. This act encouraged primary, secondary and higher education system. Later on, introduction of modern education pattern was brought up, where 3 language formula along with regional language preferred in higher education.
Advancements in agricultural and industrial education also started taking their roots in India. National Council of Educational Research and Trainings (NCERT) at national level, State Council of Educational Research and Training (SCERT) at state level and University Grants Commission (UGC) for higher education were all established post independence.
Educational sector started to flourish by prioritizing the education and research methodologies. While technology, research, industrial trainings, medical, agricultural, dental, polytechnics and management institutions along with several other hubs were established. Indian Constitution under article 21A has also implemented right to education favouring the importance of the same. Right to education has now being expanded and government is reaching out for more corners in India where people require wisdom.
Several majors were taken into action for regulating education amongst the Indian legacies. Currently, India has now used various awareness programmes that has helped several people in the village areas to develop. Literacy rate in India is gradually increasing.